Sensitive skin can present itself in a variety of ways. People with sensitive skin typically experience a combination of irritation, discomfort, bumps, redness and inflammation of the skin. According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), sensitive skin is categorized into four different types:
3- Burning and stinging
4- Contact dermatitis which includes allergies and irritants, dermatitis commonly referred to as eczema. It is possible for skin to become sensitized from over-exposure to harsh topical ingredients or climate. Fragrances, lanolin, formaldehyde, latex and menthol are common irritants that contribute to sensitization of the skin and can lead to contact dermatitis.
Sensitive skin reacts negatively to environmental factors so it is important to protect your skin. Causes can include your makeup, exposure to environmental factors such as sun, wind, heat and cold and overly dry skin that no longer protects the nerve endings from irritants. While many people may experience a rash or irritation to a particular skin product or cosmetic, you aren't really classified as having sensitive skin unless you have frequent negative reactions to commonly used products.
How to care for sensitive skin
The AAD (American Academy of Dermatology) advises people with sensitive skin to be cautious of certain ingredients in products which can increase irritation and inflammation. Even though some products are listed as so called " hypoallergenic", these titles do not necessarily mean they do not contain ingredients that irritate sensitive skin. People with sensitive skin should avoid foaming cleanser, the best cleanser is cream based or cream-gel cleanser with no foaming agent. Soap, which can be drying, and is not recommended at all. Mild alcohol-free toner and moisturizing cream should be used while skin is still damp to hold in moisture. Look for soothing and calming products.
Many people have reaction to potential irritants, such as harsh detergents, alcohol, acidic skin care products, makeup removers and the use of aggressive chemical (AHA acid) and mechanical exfoliants (scrub) that can also increase skin irritation. You can always consult our licensed professional for a treatment plan tailored to address the underlying causes and symptoms of your unique sensitive skin.