Oily/Acne Skin 

Oily Skin 

Oily skin can be a challenge, this conditions is caused by overactive sebaceous  glands that are  affected  by a variety of  stimuli such as hormones, humidity, heat and even stimulation by aggressive scrubbing or over-washing. Oily skin produces excessive amounts of sebum (oil) a lipid-rich protective substance. Oily skin is a common cosmetic problem that occurs when  oversized sebaceous glands produce excessive amounts of sebum  giving  the  appearance of  shiny and greasy skin. People with oily skin might exhibit shiny skin that also has enlarged pores. Oily skin is also more  prone to  blackheads, blemishe s and acne, as well

as occasional tightness, feel of  dryness or flakiness. Oiliness can change, depending upon the time of year or the weather, and hot humid climates. 


Oily skin can be caused or worsened by:

* Excess sebum of oil gland production (influenced by hormones). 

* Skin cells that shed become abnormally sticky and accumulate, or clog up, in the hair follicle (influenced by hormones). 

* Increased number of the acne-causing bacterium Propionbacterium acnes, or P. acnes. 

* Skin inflammation. 

* Stress 

* Exposure to heat or too much humidity


Oily skin routines 

Wash your skin twice a day with a cleanser containing AHA/BHA that reduces sebum production. 

If you skin is mild to extremely oily,  you can follow with AHA/BHA toner.

Avoid alcohol-based cleansers and toners due to the drying effect of alcohol. 

Avoid any kind of scrub; (avoid cleansers or other skin care products with scrubbing particles or a gritty texture,

as they can irritate the skin). 


A general term of Acne

Acne is a condition that most people have experienced at some point in their lives. Whether, as a teenager, adult or both, those who’ve been unfortunate enough to cross its path know what an  incredibly  frustrating  condition  it can be. Acne  is a common skin disease characterized by pimples on the face, chest, and back. It occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. A  chronic  disorder of  the  hair follicles and sebaceous glands characterized by pimple outbreaks, cysts,  infected  abscesses, and  sometimes  scarring. Characteristic  lesions  include  open  (blackhead) and  closed  (whitehead) comedones, inflammatory  papules, pustules, and  nodules. It seems to result from a combination of factors, such as thickening of the follicular opening, increased sebum production, the presence of bacteria, and the host's inflammatory response.


Acne  is  formed  by  a  collection of  sebum (oil), bacteria  and  dead cells  trapped  in the lining  of  the  hair  follicle (skin pore), which causes inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Acne is not purely  a  teenage  predicament, 20-40%  of  the  adults  do  encounter  problems  with  acne. The  lesions  are usually found on the skin of the face, neck, chest, and shoulders. Nearly  six  out  of  ten young  people  between  the  ages of twelve and twenty-eight suffer from some degree of acne.

The disease causes a great deal of embarrassment at an age when people tend to be sensitive about their personal appearance.


Understanding Sebaceous gland 

A strong  increase  in  sebum  excretion  occurs  a  few  hours  after  birth; this  peaks  during  the  first week and slowly subsides thereafter. A  new  rise takes place at about age 9 years with adrenarche and continues up to age 17 years, when the adult level is reached. Sebaceous lipids (oil) are  responsible  for  the three-dimensional skin  surface  lipid  organization; Contributing  to the integrity  of  the  skin  barrier. They  also  exhibit strong innate antimicrobial activity, transport antioxidants to the skin surface, and express pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory properties. 


Hormones and Acne

There  are  various  factors  that  cause   acne, and  the  most   common  is  hormones.  The  “hormone   androgen“,  is   generally responsible  for   over-activity   in   the   sebaceous   gland  which  results   in  the  oily, and  shiny  skin.  The  bacteria  Propioni-bacterium acnes occurs naturally in healthy hair follicles. If too many of them accumulate in plugged follicles, they may secrete enzymes that break down sebum and cause inflammation. Some  people  are  simply more sensitive than others to this reaction.


Sebum  levels  that might cause a pimple or two in one person may result in widespread outbreaks -- or even acute cystic acne -- in  another  person. Sometimes, this  clogging  causes  the  follicle  wall  to  break  under the pressure of this buildup. When this happens, sebum  leaks  into  nearby  tissues  and  forms a pustule or a papule -- this is called inflammatory acne. Larger, tender pustules  are  called  nodules. Personal  stress  levels  is  one  of  the  other  most  important  factor that  is  overlooked by many. 

The  majority  of  women  with  acne have normal androgen levels, but hormonal testing is recommended for females who have acne accompanied by excess facial or body hair, deepening voice, or irregular or infrequent menstrual periods.


Common  acne  in teenagers starts with an increase in hormone production. During puberty, both boys and girls produce high levels of  androgens, the  male  sex hormones that include testosterone. Testosterone signals the body to make more sebum, the oil produced  in the skin's oil glands. The more oil produced inside the pores, the more likely the pores will become clogged and rupture. For girls: Not completely removing  their makeup  at  night  wil l definitely  make  matters  worse.


Understanding Acne Types

This  information  provides  a  basic  idea  of  where your acne falls on this scale, because it will give you a good idea on where to start with  your  treatment. There  are  many  different  types  of  acne  blemishes, but three main types as mild, moderate, or severe  of inflamed acne blemishes are the most common. In  genera l all  of  the  three types begin as a blockage of oil and dead skin  cells  within  the  hair follicle. When  bacteria  infect  a  comedone, inflammation  occurs. Inflammation is characterized by redness, swelling and pain. 


Mild Acne: Mild  acne  is  the  most  minor  form  of acne. Mild noninflammatory acne consists of the two types of  comedones, whiteheads and blackheads. Not all people with mild acne get those "typical" pimples either. Some people are surprised to learn that the bumpiness they have on their face or back is actually a mild form of acne. Mild acne can occur across all ages, in all skin types and ethnicities. Almost every teen has acne;  people in their twenties, thirties as well as many  adults  are  shocked to learn that the acne they thought they outgrew... it's back. Yes, mild acne is common in adults as well. 


Sometimes you might have acne-like conditions like Acne aestivalis (also known as Mallorca acne) is a special form of Polymor-

phous light eruption occurs most often during spring and early summer  when a person's exposure to sunlight increases, people who have developed a sensitivity to sunlight (photosensitivity), experience  red  rash, tiny  bumps  or  slightly  raised  patches of skin  Keratosis Pilaris (Chicken Skin), Folliculitis (infected  hair  follicles (ingrown  Hair), Miliaria  Rubra (Heat rash) and Milia (A sharp grainy white-heads) milia are not red or inflamed.


It's always best to treat acne at this stage, when it is mild. Too  often, people  take  the "wait  and see" approach-waiting to see if acne  will  just  go  away  on  its  own. Unfortunately, it usually doesn't. Very often the acne gets worse, and progresses to a more severe case. No matter what your age, you'll  want to start treating  acne  right away, when it's still mild. You'll get better results, much more quickly.


Moderate Acne: (Acne vulgaris/common Acne)

The medical  term  for common acne, which is characterized by the presence of one or more of the following: blackheads, white- heads, papules and pustules. 

Blackhead: result when a pore is only  partially  blocked, a  non-inflammatory  acne lesion that is filled with excess oil and dead skin cells. The  color  is  the  skin's  own  pigment, reacting with the oxygen in the air, and get oxidize. Blackheads are also called “open comedomes” because  the  surface  of  the  skin  remain s open. A  blackhead tends to be a stable structure, and happen to anyone, male or female, at any stage of life. If  blackhead left untreated, they can permanently widen your pores or leave behind scars.


Whitehead: An acne lesion that forms when a pore (hair follicle) is completely blocked, trapping sebum (oil), bacteria, and dead skin cells, whitehead is called “closed comedome.” One of  the  cause  of  whitehead  is  food  allergies; dairy  products  being the biggest culprit. When allergic to a certain food, the body may react to its presence  as  it would bacteria or virus; this may lead to skin inflammations that result in acne, stage make-up is the other cause.


Papule: An inflammatory comedo that resembles a small, inflamed, red, tender bumps with no head on the skin.  

Pustule: A pustule (zit) is inflamed comedo, a whitehead appears as a red circle with a white or yellow center. 


Severe Acne (Cystic Acne)

Severe  acne  such  as  Acne  conglobata, Acne  fulminans, Gram-negative  folliculitis, nodulocystic  acne (Cystic Acne) can affect many   facts  of   a  person’s  life, causing   a   great  deal  of  embarrassment, stress, can  hurt  the  self-esteem, and  may  lead  to depression. Severe cystic acne may significantly limit one’s social life.


Nodulocystic acne: (Cystic Acne): is  the  most  severe  form of  acne  vulgaris. Deep, inflamed bumps (nodules) and  large, pus- filled lesions that resemble boils (cysts), develop on the face and/or other areas of the body. The nodules tend to be  tender when  touched  and  feel  firm. The  severe  inflammation can cause the acne to become very red or even purple. Cystic Acne can become large, and are the most serious kind of acne blemish. They feel like soft, fluid-filled lumps under the skin's surface.


Cystic acne  can  affect  anyone, but  it  is  more  common in teenage boys and young men. Acne seems to run in families, if your parents had cystic acne, you are more likely to experience severe acne yourself.  Extreme overactive oil glands, excess dead  skin cells within the hair  follicle, and  acne-causing  Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes bacteria), triggers  inflammation  within  the hair  follicle,  when  the  follicle  wall  ruptures,  creating  a  cyst.  Reducing   the  P. acnes   population  is  an  important  step   in controlling  acne. Cystic  acne  breakouts  damage  and  destroy  healthy  skin  tissue,  greatly  damage  the skin, lead to scarring. Intensively treating this form of acne can help limit the severity tissue of scarring.


Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes):  is  largely  part  of  the  skin  flora (microorganisms) present on  most  healthy adult human skin. It  is  usually  just  barely  detectable on the skin of healthy pre-adolescents. When a pore is blocked, this bacterium overgrows and secretes  chemicals that break down the wall of the pore and forming an acne lesion (foliculitis), possibly spilling bacteria  such  as   Staphylococcus aureus bacteria  into  the  broken  skin. Preliminary  research  shows  healthy  pores  are  only colonized by P.acnes (Propionibacterium acnes) while unhealthy ones universally include the non-pore-resident Staphylococcus epidermidis amongst other bacterial contaminants. Since  this  condition  can be disfiguring and require years of treatment, it is very important to visit a dermatologist. 


Inflammatory: A word that means "causing inflammation." In acne, "inflammatory" is usually used to describe lesions that are inflamed by bacteria in clogged follicles.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: Excessive skin darkening at places where the skin was inflamed.


Milia: is  a  tiny  spheroidal  cyst  (small  white  sharp bumps) lying superficially within the skin, usually of  the face, containing keratin and  often  associated  with  eccrine  sweat  ducts  (sweat gland), a common skin condition that affects people of all ages. Milia  are  the  result of skin that does not slough off normally, or some milia may occur after sunbathing, an injury or blistering of  the  skin  and  have  appeared  on   people  suffering  from  sun-damaged  skin. Rosacea and facial dandruff (seborrheic dermatitis) are  rashes  that  can  cause  milia  to form. So are the rashes of allergic reactions and irritation from harsh products. Mineral oil eye make-up remover  pads  and  som e eyelash  growth accelerator products cause milia.  Milia are generally found around  the  eye  on  adults  and  children but can be found around the nose area on infants. Because the oil glands of infants are not  fully  developed, milia  may  form  in  the  blocked  pores. Milia  in  infants  tends  to  correct  itself, whereas  milia  in adults are long- lasting. Regular facial treatments and mild cosmetic peels often help.


There are two types of acne scars

pitted  and  pigmented. Pitted scarring is  a  result of damage to underlying skin tissue. Pigmented scars are red or brown marks left  behind  after  an  acne blemish has disappeared. Pigmented  scarring is the most common and while  it is not  permanent, it can  take  weeks or  months for it to clear. Often, the  scar  has  not  gone  away  before  a  new  set  of  blemishes arrive causing a perpetual  cycle  of  disfigured  skin  that  can  leave  many  acne  sufferers  depressed  about  the  condition  of  their  skin. Some people may have found a treatment that keeps their blemishes  under control - only  to discover  that  the  red  or  brown  marks remain-preventing their skin from looking completely clear and acne-free.


Diet & Acne

Wrong  eating  habits, excessive consumption of starch, sugar, fried and fatly foods and chronic constipation is another cause of acne. If  the  bowels  do  not  move properly, the  waste  matter  is  not eliminated as quickly as it should be and the bloodstream becomes surcharged with toxic matter.


How to treat acne

Acne  treatment  depends  on  whether  you  have  a mild, moderate, or severe type of acne. Acne is a disorder of the skin caused

by inflammation of the skin glands and hair follicles. Since it forms under the skin, only  washing  away  surface oils does not do much to prevent or cure it. 


Adapt Your Facial Regimen

How oily your skin looks can vary season by season, week by week, even day by day. “Oil production is influenced  by hormones, by  mood, even  by  the  weather  and  your  diet". Some  people  have  problems  with oily skin only in the summer, when they’re sweating, for example, but not in the winter. To keep your skin healthy and looking great, it’s important to be aware of how your skin varies so that you can adjust your regimen accordingly.


Professional Facial Treatment 

If  your  oil  glands  are  active, your skin is more prone to clogging and breakouts. Regular facials will help balance the skin’s oil production, minimizing  acne  breakouts  and  potential  acne  scarring. When  skin is constantly congested and not “unclogged” with  proper  extraction, pores  are filled with impurities, oil and dirt, causing them to stretch over time. The longer they remain in  this  state, the  harder  it  is  to  minimize their size.  Regular facials control and minimize the pore size. Make Oily/Acne skin

facial  treatment  a  part of  your skin care routine, remember you will get the best results if they are done regularly. A deep pore cleansing  acne  facial  helps  lymph  vessels open and  drain more efficiently to remove toxic waste from the cells and promote a healthier looking skin. A deep pore Cleansing Acne Facial will help kill bacteria beneath the epidermis where your cleanser can't reach. Purifying facial refines the pores and lends the complexion a fresh and clear appearance.


Diet for oily-acne skin

Eating  a  healthy  diet  may  help  the  appearance  of  your  skin. Eat a diet  rich  in  antioxidant  foods like blueberries, spinach, carrots, and  andother  fruits  and  vegetables  to  keep  blood  pH  balanced. Include foods that contain Omega-3 fatty acids like salmon, tuna, mackerel, walnuts, almonds  and  hazelnuts  to  improve  skin  texture. Detox your body twice a year to clean your liver.